Addressing Teasing and Bullying In Schools

Addressing Bullying In Schools

Recent social movements resulting from teen suicides and traumatic school shootings have brought increased attention to the issue of bullying in schools and online. Over 3.2 million students report that they are the victims of bullying each year, and 160,000 teens skip school every day due to bullying (https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-bullying). These and other similar findings support the argument that more must be done to stop and prevent bullying in schools. The high number of bullying cases indicates that children are not learning the appropriate social and emotional behaviors needed to help them become healthy members of society.

Kaplan Early Learning Company encourages teachers, parents, and caregivers to take preventative measures in helping combat the consequences and long-lasting effects of bullying. We offer a variety of classroom tools you can use to help kids learn about bullying and its effects. Browse our resources for more information about bullying and for ways you can help stop and prevent bullying in schools and online.


What You Can Do

Teasing and Bullying at School

There has been some debate on what is considered bullying, so make sure you know your school's policy on what constitutes as bullying and what actions can be taken if bullying occurs. If your school does not have a policy on bullying, then take action and lead the charge to help create a policy that will protect students at school from bullying. Keep in mind that repetitive abuse, such as hitting, shoving, insulting, excluding, and other forms of physical or verbal abuse, is usually considered bullying. An unprovoked act that intimidates or harms a child may also be considered bullying in some circumstances.

The Anti-Bullying and Teasing Book for Preschool Classrooms encourages teachers to consider the way gender influences teasing and bullying in their classroom and to use that information to address bullying in the most proactive way possible. Several research findings about the way gender plays a role in bullying are also shared in The Anti-Bullying and Teasing Book for Preschool Classrooms:

  • Boys are more likely to initiate teasing and bullying in the classroom, even though both boys and girls are targets of bullying.
  • Boys are more likely to be involved in physical bullying while girls are involved in more exclusionary or verbal bullying.
  • Children often feel that adults should intervene more and help them find ways to resolve any teasing and bullying issues.

When bullying occurs make sure that you also address the roles bystanders play in teasing and bullying in the classroom. Many adults focus on the bully and the child they are bullying, but the children who laugh or taunt a child while they are being bullied or say nothing to prevent the bullying should also be a focus in each bullying situation. A child who does not speak up about bullying may fear they will be the next child bullied, and the children who taunt someone being bullied need to know that their behavior is not acceptable. It's important for you to discuss with children the correct way to handle a bullying situation and to work with them to know and do the right thing. Remember to refer to school and classroom policies about bullying when you have these discussions with the children in your care.

Promoting Resilience and Self-Regulation

One way you can be proactive in helping children deal with bullying situations is to help children learn resilience and self-regulation. Learning how to bounce back from changes and misfortunes and learning to control their emotions and interact positively with others will help children's emotional wellbeing. Teaching kids to be resilient and to self-regulate their emotions and actions will also help them learn the life skills and appropriate social and emotional behaviors needed to help them successfully navigate through life.

The book Socially Strong, Emotionally Secure: 50 Activities to Promote Resilience in Young Children by the Devereux Center for Resilient Children recommends adults use these five strategies to help children learn resilience:

  1. Come up with intentional strategies for supportive and caring interactions, such as greeting children every day when they arrive in the classroom or talking to children about how it feels to be upset or sad.
  2. Home and school partnerships should feature positive relationships between teachers and families to help children learn and grow in both the classroom and home environment.
  3. Help children learn new skills through meaningful play with a variety of activities and experiences.
  4. Daily routines for children should be predictable, have transitions, and have room for flexibility.
  5. Well-designed spaces in the classroom and at home contribute to children's development and behavior and should allow children to move, play, be active, and be imaginative.

Dr. William DeMeo explains in When Nothing Else Works: What Early Childhood Professionals Can Do to Reduce Challenging Behaviors that routines and transitions are equally important in preventing challenging behavior and teaching self-regulation. Group-time areas, a variety of distinct interest centers, orderly organization, and developmentally appropriate expectations for children will also help them learn to control their emotions and actions. If children do not like to sit still and bully or exhibit other challenging behaviors as a result, consider giving children alternative seating or a stress ball to use in class.

Free Resources

Online Articles

"Resources and Tools" (National Education Association)
http://www.nea.org/home/42485.htm

"What is Bullying?" (stopbullying.gov)
http://www.stopbullying.gov/what-is-bullying/index.html

"11 Facts About Bullying" (DoSomething.org)
https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-bullying

"Facts About Bullying" (stopbullying.gov)
http://www.stopbullying.gov/news/media/facts/#listing

"What Kids Say About Bullying" (KidsHealth®)
http://kidshealth.org/kid/feeling/school/poll_bullying.html?tracking=K_RelatedArticle

"Dealing with Bullying" (TeensHealth®)
http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/problems/bullies.html#

"Bullying: What Parents, Teachers Can Do to Stop It" (APA)
http://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2010/04/bullying.aspx

"How parents, teachers and kids can take action to prevent bullying" (APA)
http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/bullying.aspx?item=1

Relevant Websites

DoSomething.org
http://www.dosomething.org/

stopbullying.gov
http://www.stopbullying.gov/index.html

National Education Association's Bully Free: It Starts With Me
http://www.nea.org/home/neabullyfree.html

American Psychological Association
http://www.apa.org/topics/bullying/

PACER's National Bullying Prevention Center
http://www.pacer.org/bullying/

Teens Against Bullying
http://www.pacerteensagainstbullying.org/#/home

Kids Against Bullying
http://www.pacerkidsagainstbullying.org/#/home

The Bully Project
http://www.thebullyproject.com/

Products

  • The Anti-Bullying And Teasing Book For Preschool Classrooms
    The Anti-Bullying And Teasing Book For Preschool Classrooms
    $16.95
    • Item Number: 60340
    • In Stock
    Over 40 activities that focus on controlling teasing and bullying with friendship, community, and expressing feelings. Use these activities, the classroom environment, and family involvement to create a climate of mutual respect in the classroom. 128 pages.
  • Socially Strong, Emotionally Secure
    Socially Strong, Emotionally Secure
    $16.95
    • Item Number: 20225
    • In Stock
    Now more than ever, adults must help children develop the skills necessary to navigate through life successfully. By focusing on building social and emotional strength, we increase children's resilience and prepare them to handle the challenges in life. The strategies and activities in "Socially Strong, Emotionally Secure" help children become socially and emotionally healthy for life. Organized into five chapters, the activities support and build resilience in children ages 3 to 8. 160 pages. Paperback.
  • When Nothing Else Works - Paperback
    When Nothing Else Works - Paperback
    $29.95
    • Item Number: 27687
    • In Stock
    Research shows that children do not outgrow challenging behavior, making early intervention essential. But what can early childhood educators do to reduce challenging behaviors when nothing seems to work? From aromatherapy to affirmations,'When Nothing Else Works' is filled with creative strategies and techniques to address and adjust problematic behavior in the classroom while also promoting resilience and active engagement in learning. Written from the perspective of an experienced school development… More »
  • I Don't Bully Book Set (Set of 6) - Paperback
    I Don't Bully Book Set (Set of 6) - Paperback
    $35.95
    • Item Number: 52527
    • In Stock
    3 years & up. The key to bully-free schools is character development from a young age. This set explores the Character Counts Six Pillars of Character Education with an anti-bullying spine. Full-color photos, honest text, and real-life examples help these books hit home. Set of 6 paperback books.
  • Bullies, Victims & Bystanders Board Game
    Bullies, Victims & Bystanders Board Game
    $36.95
    • Item Number: 91625
    • In Stock
    Grades 1 & up. Encourage children to exchange negative behavior for positive as they take on the roles of bullies, victims, and bystanders in this board game. Game contains one game board, 54 playing cards, six pawns, and a die.
  • K'Motion Stool
    K'Motion Stool
    $105.95 - $124.95
    • Item Number: 85544-BKP
    • In Stock
    The K-Motion Stool provides a unique and functional seating option featuring a lightweight, durable body with a convex base that is designed to move in all directions. This ergonomic stool can be used as a physical outlet for children and adults who need movement to focus while sitting. The sturdy, padded base provides comfort and prevents slipping. Maximum weight limit: 250 Ibs.
  • Beyond Differences and Diagnoses: The Celebration of Inclusion for All Children
    Beyond Differences and Diagnoses: The Celebration of Inclusion for All Children
    $45.95
    • Item Number: 11254
    • In Stock
    Emphasizes the importance of play in the inclusive classroom. Provides teachers with experiences that will enhance all children's cognitive, social, and emotional development.

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